Histopathology of excised midurethral sling mesh.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The objective of this study was to compare the histological characteristics of pathological specimens of excised midurethral sling mesh and surrounding vaginal tissue in patients who presented preoperatively with pain and/or exposure of mesh to patients who underwent mesh excision for voiding dysfunction without pain and/or erosion. METHODS: This is a retrospective case-control study of women who underwent excision of midurethral sling mesh between 2008 and 2013. Three groups were identified: (1) voiding dysfunction without pain or exposure (control group), (2) pain and/or mesh exposure, and (3) voiding dysfunction with pain and/or mesh exposure. All original pathological specimens were rereviewed by one pathologist blinded to indication for excision and the previous pathology report. Degree of inflammation and fibrosis were recorded based on a 4-point scale along with the presence of giant cell reaction. RESULTS: A total of 130 subjects met inclusion criteria: 60 (46.2 %) with voiding dysfunction only, 21 (16.2 %) with pain/erosion, and 49 (37.7 %) with both pain/exposure and voiding dysfunction. The voiding dysfunction only group was found to have significantly higher levels of inflammation, median grade 2 (1-3), compared to the other two groups with a p value of 0.007. There were no statistical differences in fibrosis and giant cell reaction between the three groups. CONCLUSIONS: Midurethral sling mesh excised for voiding dysfunction demonstrates elevated levels of inflammation compared to mesh that is excised for pain and/or exposure. The vaginal tissue fibrosis and giant cell reaction are similar in patients who undergo mesh excision for voiding dysfunction and pain, and/or mesh exposure.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Hill, AJ; Unger, CA; Solomon, ER; Brainard, JA; Barber, MD

Published Date

  • April 2015

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 26 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 591 - 595

PubMed ID

  • 25377295

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1433-3023

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/s00192-014-2553-0

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • England