Utility of postoperative laboratory studies after female pelvic reconstructive surgery.
OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the frequency of laboratory studies after female pelvic reconstructive surgery and the rate of intervention based on the results of these laboratory values at a single institution. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective review of all patients undergoing female pelvic reconstructive surgery for pelvic organ prolapse by 5 fellowship-trained pelvic reconstructive surgeons at a single institution from Jan. 1, 2010, through Dec. 31, 2010. Exclusion criteria were outpatient procedures, isolated hysterectomy, and a combined surgery with another surgical team performing a separate procedure. Interventions based on the number of laboratory studies were classified as minor (electrolyte repletion, repeat laboratory tests, initiation of antibiotics) or major (transfusion, delayed discharge). RESULTS: A total of 356 patients were included in the final dataset and 100% of patients had routine postoperative laboratory studies. A total of 8771 laboratory values were obtained with a mean of 25 ± 18 laboratory values (0-133) per patient. One-third of postoperative patients (n = 120) underwent a total of 207 interventions based on abnormal laboratory results. The majority of interventions were minor (96%). Of the 120 patients who had a minor intervention, electrolyte repletion was the most common (78%), followed by repeat blood collection (40%) and initiation of antibiotics (4%). The major intervention rate was 4% (n = 8) and all underwent transfusion. Of the 8 transfused patients, 7 demonstrated clinical instability before transfusion and 1 was transfused based on laboratory values and a significant cardiac history. CONCLUSION: Routine postoperative laboratory studies are not necessary for all patients after female pelvic reconstructive surgery and more judicious use based on clinical findings may limit unnecessary minor interventions.
Murphy, AM; Tunitsky-Bitton, E; Krlin, RM; Barber, MD; Goldman, HB
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