Examination of Several Physiological and Psychosocial Factors Potentially Associated With Masked Hypertension Among Low-Risk Adults.
The authors examined the association of factors, in addition to prehypertensive office blood pressure (BP) level, that might improve detection of masked hypertension (MH), defined as nonelevated office BP with elevated out-of-office BP average, among individuals at otherwise low risk. This sample of 340 untreated adults 30 years and older with average office BP <140/90 mm Hg all had two sets of paired office BP measurements and 24-hour ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) sessions 1 week apart. Other than BP levels, the only factors that were associated (at P<.10) with MH at both sets were male sex (75% vs 66%) and working outside the home (72% vs 59% for the first set and 71% vs 45% for the second set). Adding these variables to BP level in the model did not appreciably improve detection of MH. No demographic, clinical, or psychosocial measures that improved upon prehypertension as a potential predictor of MH in this sample were found.
Viera, AJ; Lin, F-C; Tuttle, LA; Olsson, E; Girdler, SS; Hinderliter, AL
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