Seroprevalence of hepatitis A, B, and C in a United States military recruit population.

Published

Journal Article

One thousand five hundred thirty-eight U.S. Navy and Marine Corps enlisted recruits were tested for hepatitis A, B, and C serologic markers. The recruit population (mean age, 19 years) was 91% male, 69% white, 17% black, 9% Hispanic, 2% Filipino, and 2% "other" racial/ethnic group. Anti-HAV was found in 129 (8.4%) recruits, anti-HBc in 35 (2.3%), HBsAg in 5 (0.3%), and anti-HCV in 4 (0.3%). For recruits born in the U.S., the prevalence of anti-HAV and anti-HBc was 5.5% and 1.3%, respectively; for the 7% of recruits born outside the U.S., the prevalence was 44.9% and 14.0%, respectively. By logistic regression analysis, seropositivity for hepatitis A and B was independently associated with age, nonwhite racial/ethnic groups, and birth outside of the U.S. This study indicates that there is a relatively low risk of hepatitis A, B, and C infection among Navy and Marine Corps recruits.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Hyams, KC; Struewing, JP; Gray, GC

Published Date

  • November 1992

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 157 / 11

Start / End Page

  • 579 - 582

PubMed ID

  • 1470350

Pubmed Central ID

  • 1470350

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0026-4075

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • England