Symptoms of interpersonal sensitivity in depression.
Six self-rated items of interpersonal sensitivity (IPS) were examined in 174 depressed outpatients. These items were "feeling critical of others," "your feelings being easily hurt," "feeling others do not understand you or are unsympathetic," "feeling others are unfriendly," "feeling inferior to others," "feeling shy or uneasy with the opposite sex." The population was grouped into tertiles based on their pretreatment IPS score. High levels of IPS were associated with earlier onset and greater chronicity of depression, higher Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HRSD) score, more severe depressed mood, guilt, suicidality, impaired work and interest, retardation, depersonalization, paranoia, and cognitive symptoms of depression. More frequent atypical features were found, e.g., overeating/weight gain, self-pity, phobic avoidance, and panic attacks. Response to a monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitor drug increased at higher levels of IPS, while the response to a placebo decreased.
Davidson, J; Zisook, S; Giller, E; Helms, M
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