Genomic and Epigenomic Profiling of High-Risk Intestinal Metaplasia Reveals Molecular Determinants of Progression to Gastric Cancer.
Intestinal metaplasia (IM) is a pre-malignant condition of the gastric mucosa associated with increased gastric cancer (GC) risk. We performed (epi)genomic profiling of 138 IMs from 148 cancer-free patients, recruited through a 10-year prospective study. Compared with GCs, IMs exhibit low mutational burdens, recurrent mutations in certain tumor suppressors (FBXW7) but not others (TP53, ARID1A), chromosome 8q amplification, and shortened telomeres. Sequencing identified more IM patients with active Helicobacter pylori infection compared with histopathology (11%-27%). Several IMs exhibited hypermethylation at DNA methylation valleys; however, IMs generally lack intragenic hypomethylation signatures of advanced malignancy. IM patients with shortened telomeres and chromosomal alterations were associated with subsequent dysplasia or GC; conversely patients exhibiting normal-like epigenomic patterns were associated with regression.
Huang, KK; Ramnarayanan, K; Zhu, F; Srivastava, S; Xu, C; Tan, ALK; Lee, M; Tay, S; Das, K; Xing, M; Fatehullah, A; Alkaff, SMF; Lim, TKH; Lee, J; Ho, KY; Rozen, SG; Teh, BT; Barker, N; Chia, CK; Khor, C; Ooi, CJ; Fock, KM; So, J; Lim, WC; Ling, KL; Ang, TL; Wong, A; Rao, J; Rajnakova, A; Lim, LG; Yap, WM; Teh, M; Yeoh, KG; Tan, P
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