Effect of spiritual counseling on spiritual well-being in Iranian women with cancer: A randomized clinical trial.
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the effect of spiritual counseling on the spiritual well-being of Iranian women with cancer. DESIGN AND SETTING: a randomized clinical trial was conducted on 42 female cancer patients who were randomized to either an 8-week spiritual counseling intervention (n = 21) or a control group that received routine education/care (n = 21). Spiritual well-being (SWB) was assessed before and after the 8-week spiritual counseling program using Paloutzian and Ellison's (1983) Spiritual Well-Being Scale (SWBS). RESULTS: There were no significant differences on SWBS and its two subscales scores (RWB and EWB) between intervention and control groups at baseline (p > .05). After intervention, there was a significant mean difference in SWB (p = .001), RWB (p = .013) and EWB (p = .001) in two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Spiritual counseling is associated with significant improvements in SWB in Iranian women with cancer. Interventions that acknowledge the spiritual needs of these patients should be incorporated into conventional treatments.
Sajadi, M; Niazi, N; Khosravi, S; Yaghobi, A; Rezaei, M; Koenig, HG
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