Surveillance of disparities in vision and eye health in the United States: an expert panel's opinions.

Journal Article (Journal Article;Review)

PURPOSE: To define surveillance approaches and metrics to capture the burden of vision health disparities and to identify properties of a surveillance system to guide public health interventions. DESIGN: Expert panel. METHODS: Analysis of relevant literature and deliberations of expert panel. RESULTS: The panel identified that the purpose of vision surveillance was to link data to public health interventions. Panel members noted the importance of assessing vision through self-reported and performance-based measures. Defined populations should be included in a surveillance system to assess disparities in utilization of eye care and vision loss. The panel suggested that ophthalmic/vision measures should be sustained in national surveys and suggested that a vision surveillance system should be forged among federal agencies. CONCLUSIONS: Employing the 6 outlined strategies would improve vision surveillance and help reach the vision-related objectives of Healthy People 2020.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Lee, PP; West, SK; Block, SS; Clayton, J; Cotch, MF; Flynn, C; Geiss, LS; Klein, R; Olsen, TW; Owsley, C; Primo, SA; Rubin, GS; Ryskulova, A; Sharma, S; Friedman, DS; Zhang, X; Crews, JE; Saaddine, JB

Published Date

  • December 2012

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 154 / 6 Suppl

Start / End Page

  • S3 - S7

PubMed ID

  • 23158221

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC3759967

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1879-1891

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.ajo.2012.09.006


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States