A national survey of educational resources utilized by the Resident and Associate Society of the American College of Surgeons membership.

Journal Article (Journal Article)


Contemporary surgical education includes online resources, mobile platform applications, and simulation training. The aim of this study was to characterize educational tools used by surgical residents.


An anonymous web-based survey was distributed to 9,913 members of the Resident and Associate Society of the American College of Surgeons.


We received 773 completed surveys. To prepare for examinations and expand fund of knowledge, most respondents used printed textbooks, online textbooks, and Surgical Council on Resident Education modules, respectively. Respondents used online textbooks and journal articles most often to investigate timely patient care issues. In contrast, mobile platform applications and online videos/lectures were used least. Fewer than half of respondents used simulators, limited by clinical duties, absence of feedback/supervision, and lack of working supplies.


Traditional educational resources dominate trainee preferences, although utilization of the Surgical Council on Resident Education curriculum continues to grow. Simulators remain a required tool for laparoscopic training, and incorporation of structured feedback and improved supervision may improve utilization.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Glass, NE; Kulaylat, AN; Zheng, F; Glarner, CE; Economopoulos, KP; Hamed, OH; Bittner, JG; Sakran, JV; Winfield, RD

Published Date

  • January 2015

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 209 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 59 - 64

PubMed ID

  • 25454958

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1879-1883

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0002-9610

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2014.09.016


  • eng