Emerging treatments for ulcerative colitis: a systematic review.

Journal Article (Systematic Review;Review;Journal Article)


Various investigational medicinal products have been developed for ulcerative colitis (UC). Our aim was to systematically evaluate novel pharmacological therapeutic agents for the treatment of UC.

Material and methods

Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) recommendations were followed. A search of the medical literature was conducted in the MEDLINE database for original research papers published between 01 January 2010 and 31 October 2014.


Twenty one studies, including 11,524 adults were analyzed. Thirteen different novel therapeutic drug options were identified. Vedolizumab and golimumab were superior to placebo as induction and maintenance therapy. Tofacitinib showed dose related efficacy for induction therapy. Etrolizumab showed higher clinical remission rates compared to placebo. Phosphatidylcholine led to an improved clinical activity index. HMPL-004 may become a mesalamine alternative for mild to moderate UC. PF00547,659 was well tolerated. Statins were not beneficial for acute exacerbations of UC. Abatacept, rituximab and visilizumab did not lead to improved outcomes compared to placebo. Higher concentration of BMS 936557 was associated with improved efficacy compared to placebo. Basiliximab did not enhance corticosteroid efficacy.


Patients with UC might achieve clinical response or remission by utilizing some of these agents with a favorable side effect profile. Further studies are needed to evaluate their short- and long-term efficacy and safety.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Kokkinidis, DG; Bosdelekidou, EE; Iliopoulou, SM; Tassos, AG; Texakalidis, PT; Economopoulos, KP; Kousoulis, AA

Published Date

  • September 2017

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 52 / 9

Start / End Page

  • 923 - 931

PubMed ID

  • 28503977

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1502-7708

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0036-5521

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1080/00365521.2017.1326163


  • eng