How to Use a Graft in Irreparable Rotator Cuff Tears: A Literature Review Update of Interposition and Superior Capsule Reconstruction Techniques.
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To introduce the challenges in addressing irreparable rotator cuff tears and examine the surgical options, specifically interposition grafting and superior capsule reconstruction. RECENT FINDINGS: Interposition grafting of rotator cuff tears shows promising results in reducing pain and improving function postoperatively and one study demonstrated that it performs significantly better than partial repair alone. Superior capsule reconstruction has become popular rapidly, but given the novelty of the procedure, there is currently a paucity of outcomes data to review. Irreparable rotator cuff tears are a challenging condition with a variety of surgical options available. Two such options-interposition and superior capsule reconstruction-both employ grafts in an attempt to restore joint stability and function. In the past 3 years, literature discussing interposition grafting has explored the different types of grafts, and mostly employed pre-post analysis. The recent superior capsule reconstruction articles strictly used human dermal allograft and offer a variety of surgical techniques without quantitative data.
Wall, KC; Toth, AP; Garrigues, GE
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