ACGME competencies in neurology: web-based objective simulated computerized clinical encounters.
OBJECTIVE: The American Headache Society developed an innovative Web-based neurology resident educational program to 1) meet the objectives of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education Outcomes Project; 2) provide measurable improvement of a neurology resident's understanding of headache and the performance within each core competency; 3) assist residents and program directors in identifying knowledge gaps; and, ultimately, 4) improve the quality of patient care through enhanced educational initiatives. METHODS: Quantitative analysis focused on pretest and post-test results, level attainment on case-based simulations, competency achievement, and interactions between cases. One of four validated global scores was related to each resident response on all competency learning opportunities and was measured, from one case to another, to determine improvement and understanding. The pretest and post-test each consisted of 50 randomized questions that tested baseline and improvement on specific core competencies and understanding of headache. RESULTS: The pretest mean score was 30.08, and the post-test mean score was 34.79. A paired sample t test analysis showed a significant difference from pretest to post-test scores (M = -4.72, SD = 4.88, t = -9.269, p < 0.001). There was significant improvement in the competencies as the residents moved through the cases as well as in each of the competencies from the pretest to the post-test. Results showed that residents increased their knowledge and performance by synthesizing the content. CONCLUSIONS: This outcomes analysis demonstrates the effectiveness of the American Headache Society Neurology Resident's Program in improving the resident's knowledge of headache medicine and Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education core competencies.
Kash, KM; Leas, BF; Clough, J; Dodick, DW; Capobianco, DJ; Nash, DB; Bance, L
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