Long-term treatment response and patient outcomes for vestibular schwannoma patients treated with hypofractionated stereotactic radiotherapy

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Purpose: The aim of this study is to evaluate long-term treatment outcome and toxicities among vestibular schwannoma (VS) patients treated with hypofractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (HSRT). Methods: 383 patients with unilateral VS treated with HSRT (25 Gy, five fractions) between 1995 and 2007 were retrospectively reviewed. Treatment failure was defined as requiring salvage microsurgery. Posttreatment new/progressive clinical symptoms or increases in baseline tumor volume (BTV) due to treatment effect or progression were noted. Symptom outcomes were reported as baseline and posttreatment ± improvement, respectively. Symptoms were grouped by cranial nerve (CN) VII or CNVIII. Audiometry was assessed baseline and posttreatment hearing. Patients were grouped as having greater than serviceable hearing [Gardner Robertson (GR) score 1-2] or less than non-serviceable hearing (GR score 3-5) by audiometry. results: Median follow-up was 72.0 months. Nine (2.3%) experienced treatment failure. At last follow-up, 74 (19.3%) had new/progressive symptoms and were categorized as radiologic non-responders, whereas 300 (78.3%) had no tumor progression and were grouped as radiologic responders. Average pretreatment BTV for treatment failures, radiologic non-responders, and radiologic responders was 2.11, 0.44, and 1.87 cm3, respectively. Pretreatment CNVII and CNVIII symptoms were present in 9.4 and 93.4% of patients, respectively. Eight (24%) with pre-HSRT CNVII and 37 (10%) with pre-HSRT CNVIII symptoms recovered CN function post-HSRT. Thirty-five (9%) and 36 (9.4%) experienced new CNVII and CNVIII deficit, respectively, after HSRT. Of these, 20 (57%) and 18 (50%) recovered CNVII and CNVIII function, respectively, after HSRT. Evaluable audiograms were available in 199 patients. At baseline and at last follow-up, 65.8 and 36.2% had serviceable hearing, respectively. Fifty-one percent had preservation of serviceable hearing at last follow-up. conclusion: Treatment of VS with HSRT is effective with treatment success in 97.7% and an acceptable toxicity profile. Less than one-third of patients experience any new CNVII or CNVIII deficit posttreatment. Greater than 50% of patients with serviceable hearing at baseline maintained hearing function. Improved methods to differentiate treatment effect and tumor progression are needed.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Patel, MA; Marciscano, AE; Hu, C; Jusué-Torres, I; Garg, R; Rashid, A; Francis, HW; Lim, M; Redmond, KJ; Rigamonti, D; Kleinberg, LR

Published Date

  • September 4, 2017

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 7 / SEP

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2234-943X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.3389/fonc.2017.00200

Citation Source

  • Scopus