Plerixafor Plus Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor for Patients with Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma and Multiple Myeloma: Long-Term Follow-Up Report.
(Clinical Trial, Phase III;Journal Article;Multicenter Study)
The purpose of this report is to analyze long-term clinical outcomes of patients exposed to plerixafor plus granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) for stem cell mobilization. This was a study of patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL; n = 167) and multiple myeloma (MM; n = 163) who were enrolled in the long-term follow-up of 2 pivotal phase III studies (NCT00741325 and NCT00741780) of 240 µg/kg plerixafor plus 10 µg/kg G-CSF, or placebo plus 10 µg/kg G-CSF to mobilize and collect CD34+ cells for autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were evaluated over a 5-year period following the first dose of plerixafor or placebo. The probability of OS was not significantly different in patients with NHL or MM treated with plerixafor or placebo (NHL: 64%; 95% confidence interval [CI], 56% to 71% versus 56%; 95% CI, 44% to 67%, respectively; MM: 64%; 95% CI, 54% to 72% versus 64%; 95% CI, 53% to 73%, respectively). In addition, there was no statistically significant difference in the probability of PFS over 5 years between treatment groups in patients with NHL (50%; 95% CI, 44% to 67% for plerixafor versus 43%; 95% CI, 31% to 54% for placebo) or those with MM (17%; 95% CI, 10% to 24% for plerixafor versus 30%; 95% CI, 21% to 40% for placebo). In this long-term follow-up study, the addition of plerixafor to G-CSF for stem cell mobilization did not affect 5-year survival in patients with NHL or patients with MM.
Micallef, IN; Stiff, PJ; Nademanee, AP; Maziarz, RT; Horwitz, ME; Stadtmauer, EA; Kaufman, JL; McCarty, JM; Vargo, R; Cheverton, PD; Struijs, M; Bolwell, B; DiPersio, JF
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