Evidence and mechanism by which upper partial fibulectomy improves knee biomechanics and decreases knee pain of osteoarthritis.

Published online

Journal Article

To investigate the change in short-term clinical outcomes and biomechanical properties of the knee in response to upper partial fibulectomy and to probe into the biomechanical mechanism underlying the clinical benefits of upper partial fibulectomy for medial compartment knee osteoarthritis (KOA). A total of 29 patients with medial compartment KOA underwent upper partial fibulectomy. Visual analog scale (VAS) pain, the hospital for special surgery knee score (HSS), hip-knee-ankle (HKA) angle (measured in the frontal plane), and flexion/extension range of motion of the knee were assessed before and up to 6 months after surgery. Patients and 20 healthy controls were evaluated by 3D gait analysis and dynamic lower limb musculoskeletal analysis. Both VAS pain and HSS score were significantly improved (p < 0.001) one day after surgery and steadily improved during the subsequent 6 months. HKA angle improved (p = 0.025) immediately and remained stable by 3 months after surgery. The decreased overall peak KAM (decreased by 11.1%) and increased HKA angle (increased by 1.80 degrees from a more varus to more neutral alignment) of affected and operated side by 6 months after surgery were observed. Muscle activity of biceps femoris caput longum of affected and operated side increased immediately and was equivalent to healthy controls by 6 months after surgery (p = 0.007). This pilot study provides biomechanical evidence of benefit from partial upper fibulectomy and indicates a plausible rationale for the improvement in clinical symptoms. Long-term clinical outcomes and precise biomechanical mechanism of partial upper fibulectomy should be further investigated. © 2018 Orthopaedic Research Society. Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Orthop Res 9999:1-10, 2018.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • ZeYu Huang, YN; Xu, B; Shen, B; Kraus, VB; Pei, F

Published Date

  • February 9, 2018

Published In

PubMed ID

  • 29424452

Pubmed Central ID

  • 29424452

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1554-527X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/jor.23867

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States