Role of cytochrome P4502B6 in methadone metabolism and clearance.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Methadone N-demethylation in vitro is catalyzed by hepatic cytochrome P4502B6 (CYP2B6) and CYP3A4, but clinical disposition is often attributed to CYP3A4. This investigation tested the hypothesis that CYP2B6 is a prominent CYP isoform responsible for clinical methadone N-demethylation and clearance, using the in vivo mechanism-based CYP2B6 inhibitor ticlopidine, given orally for 4 days. A preliminary clinical investigation with the CYP3A4/5 substrate probe alfentanil established that ticlopidine did not inhibit intestinal or hepatic CYP3A4/5. Subjects received intravenous plus oral (deuterium-labeled) racemic methadone before and after ticlopidine. Ticlopidine significantly and stereoselectively (S > R) inhibited methadone N-demethylation, decreasing plasma metabolite/methadone area under the curve ratios and metabolite formation clearances. Ticlopidine also significantly increased the dose-adjusted plasma area under the curve for R- and S-methadone by 20% and 60%, respectively, after both intravenous and oral dosing. CYP2B6 inhibition reduces methadone N-demethylation and clearance, and alters methadone concentrations, demonstrating an important role for CYP2B6 in clinical methadone disposition.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Kharasch, ED; Stubbert, K

Published Date

  • March 2013

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 53 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 305 - 313

PubMed ID

  • 23361846

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC3743098

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1552-4604

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/jcph.1

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • England