Transition to post-operative epidural or patient-controlled intravenous analgesia following total intravenous anaesthesia with remifentanil and propofol for abdominal surgery.
(Clinical Trial;Journal Article;Multicenter Study)
Remifentanil is an ultrashort acting mu opioid, well suited to total intravenous (i.v.) anaesthesia. Pain immediately following emergence from anaesthesia is a potential problem because of the rapid offset. This study investigated the transition from remifentanil/propofol total intravenous anaesthesia to post-operative analgesia with epidural or patient controlled analgesia morphine in 22 patients undergoing major abdominal surgery. A remifentanil post-operative infusion initiated during emergence was titrated in the recovery room for 30 min, at which time 14% of patients had a pain score of 2 and 86% had pain scores of 0 or 1 (0 = no pain; 1 = mild pain; 2 = moderate pain; 3 = severe pain), at a mean infusion rate of 0.086 microgram kg-1 min-1. A smooth transition was then made to either epidural analgesia or patient controlled analgesia with morphine; pain scores were not significantly changed during the transition. Nausea occurred in 16 of the 22 patients, but only following administration of morphine. Epidural analgesia produced significantly lower pain scores on the surgical ward compared with patient controlled analgesia.
Bowdle, TA; Ready, LB; Kharasch, ED; Nichols, WW; Cox, K
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