Comparison of image quality and radiation dose between split-filter dual-energy images and single-energy images in single-source abdominal CT.

Published

Journal Article

OBJECTIVES: To compare image quality and radiation dose of abdominal split-filter dual-energy CT (SF-DECT) combined with monoenergetic imaging to single-energy CT (SECT) with automatic tube voltage selection (ATVS). METHODS: Two-hundred single-source abdominal CT scans were performed as SECT with ATVS (n = 100) and SF-DECT (n = 100). SF-DECT scans were reconstructed and subdivided into composed images (SF-CI) and monoenergetic images at 55 keV (SF-MI). Objective and subjective image quality were compared among single-energy images (SEI), SF-CI and SF-MI. CNR and FOM were separately calculated for the liver (e.g. CNRliv) and the portal vein (CNRpv). Radiation dose was compared using size-specific dose estimate (SSDE). Results of the three groups were compared using non-parametric tests. RESULTS: Image noise of SF-CI was 18% lower compared to SEI and 48% lower compared to SF-MI (p < 0.001). Composed images yielded higher CNRliv over single-energy images (23.4 vs. 20.9; p < 0.001), whereas CNRpv was significantly lower (3.5 vs. 5.2; p < 0.001). Monoenergetic images overcame this inferiority in CNRpv and achieved similar results compared to single-energy images (5.1 vs. 5.2; p > 0.628). Subjective sharpness was equal between single-energy and monoenergetic images and diagnostic confidence was equal between single-energy and composed images. FOMliv was highest for SF-CI. FOMpv was equal for SEI and SF-MI (p = 0.78). SSDE was significant lower for SF-DECT compared to SECT (p < 0.022). CONCLUSIONS: The combined use of split-filter dual-energy CT images provides comparable objective and subjective image quality at lower radiation dose compared to single-energy CT with ATVS. KEY POINTS: • Split-filter dual-energy results in 18% lower noise compared to single-energy with ATVS. • Split-filter dual-energy results in 11% lower SSDE compared to single-energy with ATVS. • Spectral shaping of split-filter dual-energy leads to an increased dose-efficiency.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Euler, A; Obmann, MM; Szucs-Farkas, Z; Mileto, A; Zaehringer, C; Falkowski, AL; Winkel, DJ; Marin, D; Stieltjes, B; Krauss, B; Schindera, ST

Published Date

  • August 2018

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 28 / 8

Start / End Page

  • 3405 - 3412

PubMed ID

  • 29460070

Pubmed Central ID

  • 29460070

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1432-1084

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/s00330-018-5338-x

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • Germany