Appropriateness and Outcomes of Percutaneous Coronary Intervention at Top-Ranked and Nonranked Hospitals in the United States.

Published

Journal Article

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to compare the appropriate use and outcomes of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) between top-ranked and nonranked hospitals. BACKGROUND: The U.S. News & World Report "Best Hospitals" rankings are an influential consumer-directed publication of hospital quality, and are commonly used in promotional campaigns by hospital systems. METHODS: Hospitals in the National Cardiovascular Data Registry CathPCI registry between July 1, 2014, and June 30, 2015, were classified as top-ranked if they were included in the 2015 U.S. News & World Report 50 best "Cardiology and Heart Surgery" hospitals. The remaining were classified as nonranked. We compared in-hospital mortality, post-procedural bleeding, post-procedural acute kidney injury, and the proportion of appropriate PCI procedures between top-ranked and nonranked hospitals. RESULTS: A total of 509,153 PCIs at 654 hospitals were included, of which 55,550 (10.9%) were performed at 44 top-ranked hospitals. After adjusting for patient case mix, PCIs performed at top-ranked hospitals had similar odds of in-hospital mortality (adjusted odds ratio [aOR]: 0.96; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.83 to 1.12; p = 0.64), acute kidney injury (aOR: 1.10; 95% CI: 0.98 to 1.22; p = 0.099), and bleeding (aOR: 1.15; 95% CI: 0.99 to 1.31; p = 0.052). Top-ranked hospitals had a slightly lower proportion of appropriate PCI compared with nonranked hospitals (89.2% vs. 92.8%; OR: 0.56; 95% CI: 0.45 to 0.69; p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: PCI performed at top-ranked hospitals was not associated with superior outcomes compared with PCI at nonranked hospitals. The inclusion of metrics based on clinical data may be important for hospital quality rankings.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Sukul, D; Bhatt, DL; Seth, M; Zakroysky, P; Wojdyla, D; Rumsfeld, JS; Wang, T; Rao, SV; Gurm, HS

Published Date

  • February 26, 2018

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 11 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 342 - 350

PubMed ID

  • 29471947

Pubmed Central ID

  • 29471947

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1876-7605

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.jcin.2017.10.042

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States