A dialectical behavior therapy skills intervention for women with suicidal behaviors in rural Nepal: A single-case experimental design series.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

BACKGROUND: Suicide in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) accounts for 75% of the world's burden of suicide mortality and is the leading single cause of death among Nepali reproductive age women. To advance treatment for suicidal behaviors in LMICs, a single-case experimental design (SCED) was conducted of a culturally adapted Dialectical Behavior Therapy skills intervention for Nepali populations (DBT-N). METHOD: Ten Nepali women with histories of suicidality participated in the 10-session intervention. Outcomes of emotion regulation, suicidal ideation, depression, anxiety, resilience, and coping skills use were measured at multiple time points pre-intervention, during, and at follow-up. Qualitative interviewing assessed DBT-N's feasibility and acceptability. RESULTS: Participants showed improvements in emotion regulation over the course of treatment, which were associated with increased skills use. Rapid, sustained reductions in suicidal ideation and improvements in resilience were observed after DBT-N initiation. CONCLUSION: This SCED supports conducting further evaluation of DBT-N through controlled trials with emotion regulation as a target mechanism of action for reducing suicidal behaviors in LMICs.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Ramaiya, MK; McLean, C; Regmi, U; Fiorillo, D; Robins, CJ; Kohrt, BA

Published Date

  • July 2018

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 74 / 7

Start / End Page

  • 1071 - 1091

PubMed ID

  • 29457638

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC6002746

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1097-4679

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/jclp.22588


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States