GlcNAc-1-P-transferase-tunicamycin complex structure reveals basis for inhibition of N-glycosylation.

Published

Journal Article

N-linked glycosylation is a predominant post-translational modification of protein in eukaryotes, and its dysregulation is the etiology of several human disorders. The enzyme UDP-N-acetylglucosamine:dolichyl-phosphate N-acetylglucosaminephosphotransferase (GlcNAc-1-P-transferase or GPT) catalyzes the first and committed step of N-linked glycosylation in the endoplasmic reticulum membrane, and it is the target of the natural product tunicamycin. Tunicamycin has potent antibacterial activity, inhibiting the bacterial cell wall synthesis enzyme MraY, but its usefulness as an antibiotic is limited by off-target inhibition of human GPT. Our understanding of how tunicamycin inhibits N-linked glycosylation and efforts to selectively target MraY are hampered by a lack of structural information. Here we present crystal structures of human GPT in complex with tunicamycin. Structural and functional analyses reveal the difference between GPT and MraY in their mechanisms of inhibition by tunicamycin. We demonstrate that this difference could be exploited to design MraY-specific inhibitors as potential antibiotics.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Yoo, J; Mashalidis, EH; Kuk, ACY; Yamamoto, K; Kaeser, B; Ichikawa, S; Lee, S-Y

Duke Contributors

Published Date

  • March 2018

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 25 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 217 - 224

PubMed ID

  • 29459785

Pubmed Central ID

  • 29459785

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1545-9985

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1038/s41594-018-0031-y

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States