Two-year outcomes after arthroscopic surgery compared to physical therapy for femoracetabular impingement: A protocol for a randomized clinical trial.
BACKGROUND: As the prevalence of hip pathology in the younger athletic population rises, the medical community continues to investigate effective intervention options. Femoracetabular impingement is the morphologically abnormal articulation of the femoral head against the acetabulum, and often implicated in pre-arthritic hip conditions of musculoskeletal nature. Arthroscopic surgical decompression and non-surgical rehabilitation programs focused on strengthening and stability are common interventions. However, they have never been directly compared in clinical trials. The primary purpose of this study will be to assess the difference in outcomes between these 2 commonly utilized interventions for femoracetabular impingement. METHODS: The study will be a single site, non-inferiority, randomized controlled trial comparing two different treatment approaches (surgical and nonsurgical) for FAI. The enrollment goal is for a total of 80 subjects with a diagnosis of Femoracetabular impingement that are surgical candidates and have failed 6 weeks of conservative treatment. This will be a convenience sample of consecutive patients that are Tricare beneficiaries and seeking care at Madigan Army Medical Center. Patients that meet the criteria will be screened, provide written consent before enrollment, and then randomized into one of two arms (Group I = hip arthroscopy, Group II = physical therapy). Group I will undergo hip arthroscopy with or without labral repair. Group II will follow an impairment based physical therapy program consisting of 2 sessions per week for 6 weeks. The primary outcome will be the Hip Outcome Score and secondary measures will include the International Hip Outcome Tool and the Global Rating of Change. Measures will be taken at baseline, 6 months, 1 and 2 years. Hip-related healthcare utilization between both groups will also be assessed at the end of 2 years. DISCUSSION: The current evidence to support both surgical and conservative interventions for femoroacetabular impingement is based on low-level research. To date, none of these interventions have been directly compared in a randomized clinical trial. Clinical trials are needed to help establish the value of these interventions in the management of femoracetabular impingement and to help define appropriate clinical pathways. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT01993615 30 October 2013.
Mansell, NS; Rhon, DI; Marchant, BG; Slevin, JM; Meyer, JL
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