A review of the literature concerning HIV and cigarette smoking: Morbidity and mortality, associations with individual- and social-level characteristics, and smoking cessation efforts


Journal Article (Review)

Copyright © 2014 Informa UK Ltd. Cigarette smoking is endemic among many populations, but is especially prevalent among people living with HIV, and is consequently associated with a variety of types of morbidity as well as mortality. Despite this knowledge, relatively little research has been conducted among smokers living with HIV. Extant research has focused on examining individual-level characteristics associated with smoking behaviors, to the neglect of examining social-level factors. This manuscript represents a critical literature review of the intersecting research fields of HIV and cigarette smoking. Topics considered within this review include: morbidity, mortality, as well as treatment and medication adherence outcomes; individual- and social-level characteristics associated with various smoking behaviors; evidence-based smoking cessation interventions; and findings from cessation interventions among smokers living with HIV. Additionally, gaps in the existing literature, as well as directions for future research were identified and discussed.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Pacek, LR; Crum, RM

Published Date

  • February 1, 2015

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 23 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 10 - 23

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1476-7392

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1606-6359

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.3109/16066359.2014.920013

Citation Source

  • Scopus