Current cigarette smoking among HIV-positive current and former drug users: associations with individual and social characteristics.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Cigarette smoking is endemic among HIV-positive populations and is related to substantial morbidity and mortality. Research has largely focused on individual-level characteristics associated with smoking, with less attention to social factors. We aimed to explore individual- and social-level characteristics associated with current cigarette smoking among people living with HIV. Data came from 358 individuals on antiretroviral therapy interviewed in a study on informal HIV caregiving, conducted in Baltimore, MD, USA. Most participants (75 %) were current smokers and 45 % reported current illegal drug use. In adjusted logistic regression analyses, current drug use (aOR 2.90, 95 % CI 1.58-5.30), 12-step program participation (aOR 1.74, 95 % CI 1.02-2.97), and having a main Supporter who is a current smoker (aOR 1.93, 95 % CI 1.12-3.33) were associated with current smoking. Findings suggest the importance of social-level factors in cigarette smoking among HIV seropositive drug users and have implications for developing targeted smoking cessation interventions for smokers living with HIV.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Pacek, LR; Latkin, C; Crum, RM; Stuart, EA; Knowlton, AR

Published Date

  • July 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 18 / 7

Start / End Page

  • 1368 - 1377

PubMed ID

  • 24287787

Pubmed Central ID

  • 24287787

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1573-3254

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/s10461-013-0663-1


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States