Cigarette smoking, illicit drug use, and routes of administration among heroin and cocaine users.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Cigarette smoking is ubiquitous among illicit drug users. Some have speculated that this may be partially due to similarities in the route of administration. However, research examining the relationship between cigarette smoking and routes of administration of illicit drugs is limited. To address this gap, we investigated sociodemographic and drug use factors associated with cigarette smoking among cocaine and heroin users in the Baltimore, Maryland community (N=576). Regular and heavy cigarette smokers were more likely to be White, have a history of a prior marriage, and have a lower education level. Regular smoking of marijuana and crack was associated with cigarette smoking, but not heavy cigarette smoking. Injection use was more common among heavy cigarette smokers. In particular, regular cigarette smokers were more likely to have a lifetime history of regularly injecting heroin. Optimal prevention and treatment outcomes can only occur through a comprehensive understanding of the interrelations between different substances of abuse.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Harrell, PT; Trenz, RC; Scherer, M; Pacek, LR; Latimer, WW

Published Date

  • May 2012

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 37 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 678 - 681

PubMed ID

  • 22305644

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC3307903

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1873-6327

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.addbeh.2012.01.011


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England