ARHGDIA mutations cause nephrotic syndrome via defective RHO GTPase signaling.


Journal Article

Nephrotic syndrome (NS) is divided into steroid-sensitive (SSNS) and -resistant (SRNS) variants. SRNS causes end-stage kidney disease, which cannot be cured. While the disease mechanisms of NS are not well understood, genetic mapping studies suggest a multitude of unknown single-gene causes. We combined homozygosity mapping with whole-exome resequencing and identified an ARHGDIA mutation that causes SRNS. We demonstrated that ARHGDIA is in a complex with RHO GTPases and is prominently expressed in podocytes of rat glomeruli. ARHGDIA mutations (R120X and G173V) from individuals with SRNS abrogated interaction with RHO GTPases and increased active GTP-bound RAC1 and CDC42, but not RHOA, indicating that RAC1 and CDC42 are more relevant to the pathogenesis of this SRNS variant than RHOA. Moreover, the mutations enhanced migration of cultured human podocytes; however, enhanced migration was reversed by treatment with RAC1 inhibitors. The nephrotic phenotype was recapitulated in arhgdia-deficient zebrafish. RAC1 inhibitors were partially effective in ameliorating arhgdia-associated defects. These findings identify a single-gene cause of NS and reveal that RHO GTPase signaling is a pathogenic mediator of SRNS.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Gee, HY; Saisawat, P; Ashraf, S; Hurd, TW; Vega-Warner, V; Fang, H; Beck, BB; Gribouval, O; Zhou, W; Diaz, KA; Natarajan, S; Wiggins, RC; Lovric, S; Chernin, G; Schoeb, DS; Ovunc, B; Frishberg, Y; Soliman, NA; Fathy, HM; Goebel, H; Hoefele, J; Weber, LT; Innis, JW; Faul, C; Han, Z; Washburn, J; Antignac, C; Levy, S; Otto, EA; Hildebrandt, F

Published Date

  • August 2013

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 123 / 8

Start / End Page

  • 3243 - 3253

PubMed ID

  • 23867502

Pubmed Central ID

  • 23867502

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1558-8238

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0021-9738

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1172/jci69134


  • eng