Masked Hypertension and Incident Clinic Hypertension Among Blacks in the Jackson Heart Study.

Published

Journal Article

Masked hypertension, defined as nonelevated clinic blood pressure (BP) and elevated out-of-clinic BP may be an intermediary stage in the progression from normotension to hypertension. We examined the associations of out-of-clinic BP and masked hypertension using ambulatory BP monitoring with incident clinic hypertension in the Jackson Heart Study, a prospective cohort of blacks. Analyses included 317 participants with clinic BP <140/90 mm Hg, complete ambulatory BP monitoring, who were not taking antihypertensive medication at baseline in 2000 to 2004. Masked daytime hypertension was defined as mean daytime blood pressure ≥135/85 mm Hg, masked night-time hypertension as mean night-time BP ≥120/70 mm Hg, and masked 24-hour hypertension as mean 24-hour BP ≥130/80 mm Hg. Incident clinic hypertension, assessed at study visits in 2005 to 2008 and 2009 to 2012, was defined as the first visit with clinic systolic/diastolic BP ≥140/90 mm Hg or antihypertensive medication use. During a median follow-up of 8.1 years, there were 187 (59.0%) incident cases of clinic hypertension. Clinic hypertension developed in 79.2% and 42.2% of participants with and without any masked hypertension, 85.7% and 50.4% with and without masked daytime hypertension, 79.9% and 43.7% with and without masked night-time hypertension, and 85.7% and 48.2% with and without masked 24-hour hypertension, respectively. Multivariable-adjusted hazard ratios (95% confidence interval) of incident clinic hypertension for any masked hypertension and masked daytime, night-time, and 24-hour hypertension were 2.13 (1.51-3.02), 1.79 (1.24-2.60), 2.22 (1.58-3.12), and 1.91 (1.32-2.75), respectively. These findings suggest that ambulatory BP monitoring can identify blacks at increased risk for developing clinic hypertension.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Abdalla, M; Booth, JN; Seals, SR; Spruill, TM; Viera, AJ; Diaz, KM; Sims, M; Muntner, P; Shimbo, D

Published Date

  • July 2016

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 68 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 220 - 226

PubMed ID

  • 27185746

Pubmed Central ID

  • 27185746

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1524-4563

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.115.06904

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States