Fusion of P300 and eye-tracker data for spelling using BCI2000.
OBJECTIVE: Various augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) devices have been developed in order to aid communication for individuals with communication disorders. Recently, there has been interest in combining EEG data and eye-gaze data with the goal of developing a hybrid (or 'fused') BCI (hBCI) AAC system. This work explores the effectiveness of a speller that fuses data from an eye-tracker and the P300 speller in order to create a hybrid P300 speller. APPROACH: This hybrid speller collects both eye-tracking and EEG data in parallel, and the user spells characters on the screen in the same way that they would if they were only using the P300 speller. Online and offline experiments were performed. The online experiments measured the performance of the speller for sixteen non-disabled participants, while the offline simulations were used to assess the robustness of the hybrid system. MAIN RESULTS: Online results showed that for fifteen non-disabled participants, using eye-gaze in a Bayesian framework with EEG data from the P300 speller improved accuracy ([Formula: see text], [Formula: see text], [Formula: see text] for estimated, medium and high variance configurations) and reduced the average number of flashes required to spell a character compared to the standard P300 speller that relies solely on EEG data ([Formula: see text], [Formula: see text], [Formula: see text] for estimated, medium and high variance configurations). Offline simulations indicate that the system provides more robust performance than a standalone eye gaze system. SIGNIFICANCE: The results of this work on non-disabled participants shows the potential efficacy of hybrid P300 and eye-tracker speller. Further validation on the amyotrophic lateral sceloris population is needed to assess the benefit of this hybrid system.
Kalika, D; Collins, L; Caves, K; Throckmorton, C
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