An accurate front capturing scheme for tumor growth models with a free boundary limit
© 2018 Elsevier Inc. We consider a class of tumor growth models under the combined effects of density-dependent pressure and cell multiplication, with a free boundary model as its singular limit when the pressure-density relationship becomes highly nonlinear. In particular, the constitutive law connecting pressure p and density ρ is p(ρ)=[Formula presented]ρm−1, and when m≫1, the cell density ρ may evolve its support according to a pressure-driven geometric motion with sharp interface along its boundary. The nonlinearity and degeneracy in the diffusion bring great challenges in numerical simulations. Prior to the present paper, there is lack of standard mechanism to numerically capture the front propagation speed as m≫1. In this paper, we develop a numerical scheme based on a novel prediction-correction reformulation that can accurately approximate the front propagation even when the nonlinearity is extremely strong. We show that the semi-discrete scheme naturally connects to the free boundary limit equation as m→∞. With proper spatial discretization, the fully discrete scheme has improved stability, preserves positivity, and can be implemented without nonlinear solvers. Finally, extensive numerical examples in both one and two dimensions are provided to verify the claimed properties in various applications.
Liu, JG; Tang, M; Wang, L; Zhou, Z
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