Walnut-Like Multicore–Shell MnO Encapsulated Nitrogen-Rich Carbon Nanocapsules as Anode Material for Long-Cycling and Soft-Packed Lithium-Ion Batteries
Metal oxide-based nanomaterials are widely studied because of their high-energy densities as anode materials in lithium-ion batteries. However, the fast capacity degradation resulting from the large volume expansion upon lithiation hinders their practical application. In this work, the preparation of walnut-like multicore–shell MnO encapsulated nitrogen-rich carbon nanocapsules (MnO@NC) is reported via a facile and eco-friendly process for long-cycling Li-ion batteries. In this hybrid structure, MnO nanoparticles are uniformly dispersed inside carbon nanoshells, which can simultaneously act as a conductive framework and also a protective buffer layer to restrain the volume variation. The MnO@NC nanocapsules show remarkable electrochemical performances for lithium-ion batteries, exhibiting high reversible capability (762 mAh g−1 at 100 mA g−1) and stable cycling life (624 mAh g−1 after 1000 cycles at 1000 mA g−1). In addition, the soft-packed full batteries based on MnO@NC nanocapsules anodes and commercial LiFePO4 cathodes present good flexibility and cycling stability.
Zhu, G; Wang, L; Lin, H; Ma, L; Zhao, P; Hu, Y; Chen, T; Chen, R; Wang, Y; Tie, Z; Liu, J; Jin, Z
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