Pediatric Cardiac Trauma in the United States: A Systematic Review.
Literature discussing cardiac injuries in children is limited. Systematic search of PubMed identified 21 studies enrolling 1,062 pediatric patients who experienced cardiac trauma in the United States during the period 1961 to 2012. The predominant type of injury was blunt cardiac contusion affecting 59.7% (n = 634/1,062) of the study population. Motor vehicle crashes (53.5%, n = 391/731) were the leading cause of blunt cardiac trauma, while gunshot wounds (50%, n = 150/300) accounted for most penetrating injuries. Overall mortality rate was 35.2% (n = 374/1,062).
Mylonas, KS; Tsilimigras, DI; Texakalidis, P; Hemmati, P; Schizas, D; Economopoulos, KP
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