Predicted effect of circadian clock modulation of NHE3 of a proximal tubule cell on sodium transport.
Major renal functions such as renal blood flow, glomerular filtration rate, and urinary excretion are known to exhibit circadian oscillations. However, the underlying mechanisms that govern these variations have yet to be fully elucidated. To better understand the impact of the circadian clock on renal solute and water transport, we have developed a computational model of the renal circadian clock and coupled that model to an epithelial transport model of the proximal convoluted cell of the rat kidney. The activity of the Na+-H+ exchanger 3 (NHE3) is assumed to be regulated by changes in transcription of the NHE3 mRNA due to regulation by circadian clock proteins. The model predicts the rhythmic oscillations in NHE3 activity, which gives rise to significant daily fluctuations in Na+ and water transport of the proximal tubule cell. Additionally, the model predicts that 1) mutation in period 2 (Per2) or cryptochrome 1 (Cry1) preserves the circadian rhythm and modestly raises Na+ reabsorption; 2) mutation in Bmal1 or CLOCK eliminates the circadian rhythm and modestly lowers Na+ reabsorption; 3) mutation in Rev-Erb or ROR-related orphan receptor (Ror) has minimal impact on the circadian oscillations. The model represents the first step in building a tool set aimed at increasing our understanding of how the molecular clock affects renal ion transport and renal function, which likely has important implications for kidney disease.
Wei, N; Gumz, ML; Layton, AT
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