Copper-Binding Small Molecule Induces Oxidative Stress and Cell-Cycle Arrest in Glioblastoma-Patient-Derived Cells.

Published

Journal Article

Transition metals are essential, but deregulation of their metabolism causes toxicity. Here, we report that the compound NSC319726 binds copper to induce oxidative stress and arrest glioblastoma-patient-derived cells at picomolar concentrations. Pharmacogenomic analysis suggested that NSC319726 and 65 other structural analogs exhibit lethality through metal binding. Although NSC319726 has been reported to function as a zinc ionophore, we report here that this compound binds to copper to arrest cell growth. We generated and validated pharmacogenomic predictions: copper toxicity was substantially inhibited by hypoxia, through an hypoxia-inducible-factor-1α-dependent pathway; copper-bound NSC319726 induced the generation of reactive oxygen species and depletion of deoxyribosyl purines, resulting in cell-cycle arrest. These results suggest that metal-induced DNA damage may be a consequence of exposure to some xenobiotics, therapeutic agents, as well as other causes of copper dysregulation, and reveal a potent mechanism for targeting glioblastomas.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Shimada, K; Reznik, E; Stokes, ME; Krishnamoorthy, L; Bos, PH; Song, Y; Quartararo, CE; Pagano, NC; Carpizo, DR; deCarvalho, AC; Lo, DC; Stockwell, BR

Published Date

  • May 2018

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 25 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 585 - 594.e7

PubMed ID

  • 29576531

Pubmed Central ID

  • 29576531

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2451-9448

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 2451-9456

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.chembiol.2018.02.010

Language

  • eng