Incisional Infections after Renal Transplant: Outcome Data From 238 Consecutive Recipients.
Surgical incision infections, along with urinary tract infections, are among the most common infective complications after kidney transplant. The aim of this retrospective study is to evaluate the incidence and predisposing factors of surgical incision infection development in renal transplant recipients.Between 1 January 2012 and 31 December 2015, there were 238 consecutive kidney transplant procedures performed in our unit. Of these, 146 patients received deceased donor kidney allografts and 92 had transplants from living related donors. Deceased donor data, data about surgical procedures, and recipient data were collected.This study demonstrated a surgical incision infection rate of 7.56%. Predisposing factors were found to be kidneys from deceased donors, antithymocyte globulin as antirejection therapy, body mass index > 30 kg/m2, cold ischemia time > 16.3 hours, delayed graft function, postoperative serum glucose > 280 mg/dL, second kidney transplant, and BK virus infection.Surgical incision infection is a common postoperative infection after kidney transplant. The findings of this study elucidated the potential role of specific risk factors in surgical incision infection development (increased cold ischemia time, delayed graft function, antithymocyte globulin administration). Further evaluation of these findings in a prospective study is needed to avoid potential bias.
Moris, D; Davakis, S; Kakavia, K; Bokos, J; Vernadakis, S; Diles, K; Sotirchos, G; Barlas, A; Psychogiou, M; Zavos, G
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