Amyand's hernia: a review.

Journal Article (Systematic Review;Review;Journal Article)


The presence of a vermiform appendix in an inguinal hernia sac is known as Amyand's hernia. The aim of this systematic review was to gather information concerning its prevalence, clinical image, diagnosis, and treatment.

Data sources

The MEDLINE database was thoroughly searched using the keyword "Amyand's hernia." Additional articles were gathered and evaluated.


The true prevalence of Amyand's hernia seems lower than classically described. Its usual clinical image is identical to that of an incarcerated hernia, and thus it is almost impossible to diagnose preoperatively, although ultrasound and computed tomography can help. Treatment includes hernioplasty with or without appendectomy and/or mesh repair depending on the vermiform appendix's inflammation status, the patient's general condition, and other factors. Amyand's hernia generally has a good prognosis, although serious complications have been described. Surgeons should be prepared if they encounter Amyand's hernia because appropriate treatment ensures hernia repair without complications and with avoidance of recurrence.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Michalinos, A; Moris, D; Vernadakis, S

Published Date

  • June 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 207 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 989 - 995

PubMed ID

  • 24280148

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1879-1883

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0002-9610

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2013.07.043


  • eng