Outcomes of bariatric surgery in patients > or =65 years.
BACKGROUND: Although the Medicare Coverage Advisory Committee found that significant evidence supports the safety and effectiveness of bariatric surgery, few data are available on the outcomes of bariatric procedures in patients > or =65 years. The aim of this study was to report on contemporary outcomes of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) in patients > or =65 years. METHODS: We reviewed prospectively collected data from all patients > or =65 years who underwent RYGB at two Florida university-based programs from 1999 to 2005. Similarly, the Florida Discharge Database was queried for patients> or =65 years who had undergone RYGB from 1999 to 2005. The data are presented as the mean +/- SEM. RESULTS: A total of 25 patients > or =65 years had undergone RYGB at our institutions (age 68 +/- 1 years, body mass index 50 +/- 3 kg/m(2)). The overall complication rate was 20%, and the length of stay was 7 +/- 3 days. One patient (4%) died 5 weeks postoperatively of septic complications. For the 13 patients with a median follow-up of 21 months (range 9-61), the percentage of excess body weight loss was 51% +/- 7%; medication use for co-morbidities decreased from 9 +/- 1 to 4 +/- 1 medications/day (P <.01). The Florida Discharge Database reported 231 patients > or =65 years who had undergone RYGB. In that group of patients, the mean age was 67 +/- 0.2 years, the length of stay was 6 +/- 1 days, in-hospital mortality rate was 1.3%, and the overall complication rate was 15%. CONCLUSION: In a small cohort of patients > or =65 years, RYGB resulted in significant weight loss and resolution of obesity-related co-morbidities. The findings from the mandatory reported Florida Discharge Database strongly confirmed the safety of RYGB in patients > or =65 years.
Nelson, LG; Lopez, PP; Haines, K; Stefan, B; Martin, T; Gonzalez, R; Byers, P; Murr, MM
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