Dietary Patterns Associated with Cognitive Function among the Older People in Underdeveloped Regions: Finding from the NCDFaC Study.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Although dietary patterns are crucial to cognitive function, associations of dietary patterns with cognitive function have not yet been fully understood. This cross-sectional study explored dietary patterns associated with cognitive function among the older adults in underdeveloped regions, using 1504 community-dwelling older adults aged 60 and over. Diet was assessed using a food frequency questionnaire and 24-h dietary recall. Factor analysis was used to extract dietary patterns. Global cognitive function was assessed using the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE). Two dietary patterns, a "mushroom, vegetable, and fruits" (MVF) pattern and a "meat and soybean products" (MS) pattern, were identified. The MVF pattern, characterized by high consumption of mushrooms, vegetables, and fruits was significantly positively associated with cognitive function (p < 0.05), with an odds ratio of (95% CIs) 0.60 (0.38, 0.94) for cognitive impairment and β (95% CIs) 0.15 (0.02, 0.29) for -log (31-MMSE score). The MS pattern, characterized by high consumption of soybean products and meat, was also associated with better cognitive function, with an odds ratio of 0.47 (95% CIs 0.30, 0.74) for cognitive impairment and β (95% CIs) 0.34 (0.21, 0.47) for -log (31-MMSE score). Our results suggested that both the MVF and MS patterns were positively associated with better cognitive function among older adults in underdeveloped regions.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Yin, Z; Chen, J; Zhang, J; Ren, Z; Dong, K; Kraus, VB; Wang, Z; Zhang, M; Zhai, Y; Song, P; Zhao, Y; Pang, S; Mi, S; Zhao, W

Published Date

  • April 9, 2018

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 10 / 4

PubMed ID

  • 29642510

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC5946249

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2072-6643

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.3390/nu10040464


  • eng

Conference Location

  • Switzerland