Preliminary Experience Using Eye-Tracking Technology to Differentiate Novice and Expert Image Interpretation for Ultrasound-Guided Regional Anesthesia.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

OBJECTIVES: Objective measures are needed to guide the novice's pathway to expertise. Within and outside medicine, eye tracking has been used for both training and assessment. We designed this study to test the hypothesis that eye tracking may differentiate novices from experts in static image interpretation for ultrasound (US)-guided regional anesthesia. METHODS: We recruited novice anesthesiology residents and regional anesthesiology experts. Participants wore eye-tracking glasses, were shown 5 sonograms of US-guided regional anesthesia, and were asked a series of anatomy-based questions related to each image while their eye movements were recorded. The answer to each question was a location on the sonogram, defined as the area of interest (AOI). The primary outcome was the total gaze time in the AOI (seconds). Secondary outcomes were the total gaze time outside the AOI (seconds), total time to answer (seconds), and time to first fixation on the AOI (seconds). RESULTS: Five novices and 5 experts completed the study. Although the gaze time (mean ± SD) in the AOI was not different between groups (7 ± 4 seconds for novices and 7 ± 3 seconds for experts; P = .150), the gaze time outside the AOI was greater for novices (75 ± 18 versus 44 ± 4 seconds for experts; P = .005). The total time to answer and total time to first fixation in the AOI were both shorter for experts. CONCLUSIONS: Experts in US-guided regional anesthesia take less time to identify sonoanatomy and spend less unfocused time away from a target compared to novices. Eye tracking is a potentially useful tool to differentiate novices from experts in the domain of US image interpretation.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Borg, LK; Harrison, TK; Kou, A; Mariano, ER; Udani, AD; Kim, TE; Shum, C; Howard, SK; ADAPT (Anesthesiology-Directed Advanced Procedural Training) Research Group,

Published Date

  • February 2018

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 37 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 329 - 336

PubMed ID

  • 28777464

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1550-9613

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/jum.14334


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England