Burden of 30-Day Readmissions After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in 833,344 Patients in the United States: Predictors, Causes, and Cost: Insights From the Nationwide Readmission Database.
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the 30-day unplanned readmissions rate, predictors of readmission, causes of readmissions, and clinical impact of readmissions after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). BACKGROUND: Unplanned rehospitalizations following PCI carry significant burden to both patients and the local health care economy and are increasingly considered as an indicator of quality of care. METHODS: Patients undergoing PCI between 2013 and 2014 in the U.S. Nationwide Readmission Database were included. Incidence, predictors, causes, and cost of 30-day unplanned readmissions were determined. RESULTS: A total of 833,344 patients with PCI were included, of whom 77,982 (9.3%) had an unplanned readmission within 30 days. Length of stay for the index PCI was greater (4.7 vs. 3.9 days) and mean total hospital cost ($23,211 vs. $37,524) was higher for patients who were readmitted compared with those not readmitted. The factors strongly independently associated with readmissions were index hospitalization discharge against medical advice (odds ratio [OR]: 1.91; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.65 to 2.22), transfer to short-term hospital for inpatient care (OR: 1.62; 95% CI: 1.38 to 1.90), discharge to care home (OR: 1.57; 95% CI: 1.51 to 1.64), and chronic kidney disease (OR: 1.50; 95% CI: 1.44 to 1.55). Charlson Comorbidity Index score (OR: 1.28; 95% CI: 1.27 to 1.29) and number of comorbidities (OR: 1.18; 95% CI: 1.17 to 1.18) were independently associated with unplanned readmission. The majority of readmissions were due to noncardiac causes (56.1%). CONCLUSIONS: Thirty-day readmissions after PCI are relatively common and relate to baseline comorbidities and place of discharge. More than one-half of the readmissions were due to noncardiac causes.
Kwok, CS; Rao, SV; Potts, JE; Kontopantelis, E; Rashid, M; Kinnaird, T; Curzen, N; Nolan, J; Bagur, R; Mamas, MA
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