Racial/Ethnic Differences in Cognitive Symptoms During the Menopausal Transition.


Journal Article

The purpose of this study was to explore racial/ethnic differences in midlife women's cognitive symptoms among four major racial/ethnic groups in the United States and to determine multiple factors that influenced the women's cognitive symptoms. This was a secondary analysis of the data from two larger studies among 1,054 midlife women. The instruments included multiple questions on background characteristics and health and menopausal status, and the Cognitive Symptom Index for Midlife Women. The data were analyzed using multiple logistic and Poisson regression analyses. There existed significant racial/ethnic differences in the total numbers and total severity scores of cognitive symptoms ( p < .01); non-Hispanic Asians had significantly lower total numbers and total severity scores compared with other racial/ethnic groups. Socioeconomic status and health and menopausal status were significant factors that influenced cognitive symptoms across racial/ethnic groups ( p < .05). Further studies on racial/ethnic differences in cognitive symptoms are needed with diverse groups of midlife women.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Im, E-O; Hu, Y; Cheng, C-Y; Ko, Y; Chee, E; Chee, W

Published Date

  • February 2019

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 41 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 217 - 237

PubMed ID

  • 29606085

Pubmed Central ID

  • 29606085

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1552-8456

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0193-9459

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1177/0193945918767660


  • eng