Endovascular Repair of Blunt Thoracic Aortic Trauma: Is Postimplant Hypertension an Incidental Finding?
BACKGROUND:Blunt thoracic aortic injury (BTAI) is the second most common cause of death in trauma patients. Nowadays, thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) has become the treatment of choice because of lower rates of mortality, paraplegia, and stroke. However, concerns have been raised whether graft implantation is related to the development of hypertension in the postoperative period. The aim of this study was to report short- and long-term outcomes of patients undergoing TEVAR for BTAIs at a tertiary hospital and to investigate postimplant hypertension. METHODS:Between January 2005 and January 2016, 23 patients with blunt thoracic aortic trauma underwent TEVAR. Median age was 44 years (range, 18-73). Among them, 14 (60.9%) patients were diagnosed with aortic rupture, whereas 9 (39.1%) with pseudoaneurysm. Α single thoracic stent graft was deployed in 21 patients, and the rest 2 patients received 2 stent grafts. RESULTS:Complete exclusion of the injury was feasible in all subjects (100% primary success). The left subclavian artery (SCA) was intentionally covered in 6 patients (26%). Intraoperative complications included one nonfatal stroke managed conservatively and one external iliac artery rupture treated with iliofemoral bypass. One patient (4.3%) died on the first postoperative day in the intensive care unit (ICU) because of hemorrhagic shock. The overall 30-day mortality and morbidity were 4.3% and 8.7%, respectively. New-onset postimplantation arterial hypertension was observed in 8 (34.8%) previously nonhypertensive patients. Younger age (P = 0.027) and SCA coverage (P = 0.01) were identified as potential risk factors for the development of postimplant hypertension, whereas the presence of concomitant injuries (P = 0.3) and intraoperative complications (P = 0.1) were not. After a median follow-up of 100 months (range, 18-120), 6 of them still remain on antihypertensive therapy, whereas the other 2 did not require permanent treatment. CONCLUSIONS:TEVAR is a safe approach in the treatment of BTAI associated with low short- and long-term morbidity and mortality rates. Lower age and SCA coverage may contribute to the development of postimplant hypertension. Further larger cohort studies are warranted to elucidate the underlying mechanisms of postimplant hypertension.
Tigkiropoulos, K; Sigala, F; Tsilimigras, DI; Moris, D; Filis, K; Melas, N; Karamanos, D; Kontogiannis, C; Lazaridis, I; Saratzis, N
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