Prevention and treatment of childhood obesity: care received by a state medicaid population.
Based on chart review for a representative cluster sample of North Carolina Medicaid enrollees aged 3 to 5 years (n = 1951) and 13 to 16 years (n = 1922) years, this study describes prevalence, practice patterns, and comorbidities related to overweight/obese immediately prior to 2007 Expert Recommendations. In total, 16% of children in both age groups were overweight, and 20% (ages 3-5 years) and 25% (ages 13-16 years) were obese. For 3- to 5-year-olds, body mass index percentile was infrequently recorded (22%) or plotted on growth charts (24%), and weight status category was rarely documented (10%). Results were similar for adolescents (21%, 20%, and 12%, respectively). In both groups, documentation of counseling in nutrition or physical activity was rare (16% for ages 3-5 years; 7% for ages 13-16 years). In adolescents, approximately 20% received recommended laboratory screening and overweight/ obesity was significantly associated with chart-documented asthma, back pain, prediabetes, gastroesophageal reflux disease, hypertension, and sleep apnea. Whether improvements in documentation of care followed these new guidelines deserves further research.
Lazorick, S; Peaker, B; Perrin, EM; Schmid, D; Pennington, T; Yow, A; DuBard, CA
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