In Vitro Comparison of a Novel Single Probe Dual-Energy Lithotripter to Current Devices.
PURPOSE: The LithoClast Trilogy is a novel single probe, dual-energy lithotripter with ultrasonic (US) vibration and electromagnetic impact forces. ShockPulse and LithoClast Select are existing lithotripters that also use a combination of US and mechanical impact energies. We compared the efficacy and tip motion of these devices in an in vitro setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Begostones, in the ratio 15:3, were used in all trials. Test groups were Trilogy, ShockPulse, Select ultrasound (US) only, and Select ultrasound with pneumatic (USP). For clearance testing, a single investigator facile with each lithotripter fragmented 10 stones per device. For drill testing, a hands-free apparatus with a submerged balance was used to apply 1 or 2 lbs of pressure on a stone in contact with the device tip. High-speed photography was used to assess Trilogy and ShockPulse's probe tip motion. RESULTS: Select-USP was slowest and Trilogy fastest on clearance testing (p < 0.01). On 1 lbs drill testing, Select-US was slowest (p = 0.001). At 2 lbs, ShockPulse was faster than Select US (p = 0.027), but did not significantly outpace Trilogy nor Select-USP. At either weight, there was no significant difference between Trilogy and ShockPulse. During its US function, Trilogy's maximum downward tip displacement was 0.041 mm relative to 0.0025 mm with ShockPulse. Trilogy had 0.25 mm of maximum downward displacement during its impactor function while ShockPulse had 0.01 mm. CONCLUSIONS: Single probe dual-energy devices, such as Trilogy and ShockPulse, represent the next generation of lithotripters. Trilogy more efficiently cleared stone than currently available devices, which could be explained by its larger probe diameter and greater downward tip displacement during both US and impactor functions.
Carlos, EC; Wollin, DA; Winship, BB; Jiang, R; Radvak, D; Chew, BH; Gustafson, MR; Simmons, WN; Zhong, P; Preminger, GM; Lipkin, ME
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