Implementation of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder guidelines in an urban pediatric primary care clinic

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Background: Approximately 11% of children in the United States ages 4 to 17 have received the diagnosis of attention-deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD). There are disproportionately higher rates of the diagnosis and fewer child psychiatrists available in underserved areas. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) strongly encourages improved mental health competencies among primary care providers to combat this shortage. Objective: To improve primary care providers' knowledge and confidence with the management of ADHD and institute an evidence-based process for assessing patients presenting with behavior concerns suggestive of ADHD. Methods: Three in-person educational sessions were conducted for primary care providers by a child psychiatrist to increase providers' knowledge and confidence in the evaluation and management of ADHD. A Behavior Management Plan was also adopted for use in the clinic. Providers were encouraged to use the plan during patient visits for behavior concerns indicative of ADHD. Pre- and post-test surveys were given to providers to assess change in comfort level with managing ADHD. Patient charts were reviewed to determine how often the Behavior Management Plan was utilized. Results: We did not find significant changes in provider comfort in managing ADHD according to the survey results, although providers reported that the educational sessions and handouts were useful. Behavior Management Plans were utilized during 13 of 25 (52%) eligible visits. Conclusions: Behavior Management Plans were introduced in just over half of relevant visits. Further exploration about barriers to use of the plan and its utility to patients and families should be pursued in the future. Additionally, ongoing opportunities for continuing education and collaboration with psychiatry should continue to be sought.

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Manget, JC; Kelley, FR; White, MJ; Blood-Siegfried, J

Published Date

  • April 1, 2018

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 25 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 167 - 174

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1079-6533

Citation Source

  • Scopus