Buffeting and lock in of an airfoil at high angle of attack
Copyright © 2017 by the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Inc. All rights reserved. In subsonic flow, buffeting refers to a fluid instability caused by flow separation in the flow around a bluff body or an airfoil at high angle of attack. Typically, there is a dominant frequency of these flow oscillations called the (nondimensional) Strouhal or buffet frequency. The goal of this paper was to explore the flow around a static and an oscillating airfoil at high angle of attack, and obtain a better understanding of buffet response by correlation of experimental results with existing computational methods. The effectsofseveral parameters on the lift coefficient and flow-response frequency were studied, including Reynolds number, angle of attack, and blockage ratio of the airfoil sizetothewind-tunneldimensions. Also, more detailed flowfield characteristics were determined. Forastatic airfoil, a universal Strouhal-number scaling has been found for anglesof attack from30to 90 deg, in which the flow around the airfoil is fully separated. Wind-tunnel walls lead to an increase in lift coefficient and Strouhal number. For an oscillating airfoil, the conditions for lock in are discussed. The differences between the lock-in case and the unlock-in case were alsostudied. The lock-in regioninthe confined flowisoverasmall rangeofexcitation frequencies thaninthe unconfined flow.
Zhou, T; Feng, SS; Dowell, EH
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