The sound field of a rotating dipole in a plug flow.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

An analytical far field solution for a rotating point dipole source in a plug flow is derived. The shear layer of the jet is modelled as an infinitely thin cylindrical vortex sheet and the far field integral is calculated by the stationary phase method. Four numerical tests are performed to validate the derived solution as well as to assess the effects of sound refraction from the shear layer. First, the calculated results using the derived formulations are compared with the known solution for a rotating dipole in a uniform flow to validate the present model in this fundamental test case. After that, the effects of sound refraction for different rotating dipole sources in the plug flow are assessed. Then the refraction effects on different frequency components of the signal at the observer position, as well as the effects of the motion of the source and of the type of source are considered. Finally, the effect of different sound speeds and densities outside and inside the plug flow is investigated. The solution obtained may be of particular interest for propeller and rotor noise measurements in open jet anechoic wind tunnels.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Wang, Z-H; Belyaev, IV; Zhang, X-Z; Bi, C-X; Faranosov, GA; Dowell, EH

Published Date

  • April 2018

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 143 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 2099 -

PubMed ID

  • 29716306

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1520-8524

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0001-4966

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1121/1.5030926


  • eng