Improving adjustment and resilience in children following a disaster: Addressing research challenges.


Journal Article (Review)

There is compelling evidence of the potential negative effects of disasters on children's adjustment and functioning. Although there is an increasing base of evidence supporting the effectiveness of some interventions for trauma following disaster, more research is needed, particularly on interventions that can be delivered in the early aftermath of disaster as well as those that can address a broader range of adjustment difficulties such as bereavement that may be experienced by children after a disaster. This article identifies gaps in the knowledge of how best to intervene with children following disasters. Key challenges in conducting research in disaster contexts, including obtaining consent, designing rigorous studies, and obtaining funding quickly enough to conduct the study, are discussed. Several strategies hold promise to address research challenges in disasters, including using alternative designs (e.g., propensity scores, matched control groups, group-level assignment), working with schools and communities, and studying implementation of nontraditional modes of intervention delivery. (PsycINFO Database Record

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Grolnick, WS; Schonfeld, DJ; Schreiber, M; Cohen, J; Cole, V; Jaycox, L; Lochman, J; Pfefferbaum, B; Ruggiero, K; Wells, K; Wong, M; Zatzick, D

Published Date

  • April 2018

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 73 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 215 - 229

PubMed ID

  • 29446960

Pubmed Central ID

  • 29446960

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1935-990X

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0003-066X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1037/amp0000181


  • eng