The effect of intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation on left ventricular functional recovery early after acute myocardial infarction: a randomized experimental magnetic resonance imaging study.
AIMS: We sought to determine whether intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) counterpulsation improves the recovery of left ventricular (LV) systolic function after reperfused acute myocardial infarction (AMI). METHODS AND RESULTS: Fourteen dogs underwent 90-min coronary artery occlusion followed by reperfusion. Seven animals were randomized to IABP counterpulsation immediately after reperfusion. Tagged, cine, and contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging were used for regional and global LV functional assessment and MI characterization, respectively. Image acquisition was performed at 1 h, 6 h, and 24 h after reperfusion, during which the IABP device was paused. Animals randomized to IABP demonstrated an earlier improvement of LV ejection fraction when compared with controls (25+/-3 vs. 25+/-2% at 1 h, P=0.91; 36+/-3 vs. 26+/-2% at 6 h, P=0.015; and 38+/-3 vs. 35+/-1% at 24 h, P=0.34). Regional functional analyses revealed the same behaviour among non-infarcted risk regions, i.e., earlier circumferential systolic strain improvement in the IABP group than in controls (-5.4+/-0.4 vs. -5.3+/-0.5% at 1 h, P=0.86; -12.1+/-1.0 vs. -6.0+/-0.4% at 6 h, P<0.001; and -13.9+/-1.1% vs. -12.8+/-0.6% at 24 h, P=0.40). Importantly, however, the degree of LV functional recovery 24 h after reperfusion was similar whether IABP counterpulsation was used or not. CONCLUSION: IABP counterpulsation accelerates but does not significantly improve the recovery of LV systolic function after reperfused AMI.
Azevedo, CF; Amado, LC; Kraitchman, DL; Gerber, BL; Edvardsen, T; Osman, NF; Rochitte, CE; Wu, KC; Lima, JAC
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