Dynamics of sound waves in an interacting Bose gas


Journal Article

© 2016 Elsevier Inc. We consider a non-relativistic quantum gas of N bosonic atoms confined to a box of volume Λ in physical space. The atoms interact with each other through a pair potential whose strength is inversely proportional to the density, ρ=NΛ, of the gas. We study the time evolution of coherent excitations above the ground state of the gas in a regime of large volume Λ and small ratio Λρ. The initial state of the gas is assumed to be close to a product state of one-particle wave functions that are approximately constant throughout the box. The initial one-particle wave function of an excitation is assumed to have a compact support independent of Λ. We derive an effective non-linear equation for the time evolution of the one-particle wave function of an excitation and establish an explicit error bound tracking the accuracy of the effective non-linear dynamics in terms of the ratio Λρ. We conclude with a discussion of the dispersion law of low-energy excitations, recovering Bogolyubov's well-known formula for the speed of sound in the gas, and a dynamical instability for attractive two-body potentials.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Deckert, DA; Fröhlich, J; Pickl, P; Pizzo, A

Published Date

  • April 30, 2016

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 293 /

Start / End Page

  • 275 - 323

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1090-2082

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0001-8708

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.aim.2016.02.001

Citation Source

  • Scopus