The role of MR imaging in the assessment of renal allograft vasculature.
Renal allograft dysfunction after transplantation is a relatively common occurrence with various potential etiologies. Vascular etiologies are of particular importance as early surgical or minimally invasive intervention can, in some cases, salvage the graft. Diagnosis of vascular pathology resulting in allograft dysfunction requires a thorough workup, of which imaging is a key component. Generally, ultrasound is the first-line imaging modality. More recently, MRI has been shown to be an effective and safe modality for diagnosis of vascular pathology after renal transplantation, particularly for diagnosis of transplant renal artery stenosis. This review will summarize imaging modalities that are most commonly used in evaluating vascular pathology after renal transplantation, with a focus on the various contrast- and non-contrast-enhanced MR techniques described in the literature and used at our institution. Of particular interest is the relatively recent utilization of the non-gadolinium containing iron-based contrast agent, ferumoxytol, in time-resolved contrast-enhanced MR angiography.
Gondalia, R; Vernuccio, F; Marin, D; Bashir, MR
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